What is Education Data?

Data is one of the most powerful tools to inform, engage, and create opportunities for individuals along their education and workforce journeys—and it's much more than test scores.


Data Helps Guide Decisionmaking

  • Education data—including academic, educator, demographic, and student information from early childhood to the workforce—is collected from many sources and in many formats, although the type of data, and who can access it, varies. 
  • Access to robust data empowers everyone with the information they need to make decisions. Individuals, families, educators, communities, and policymakers all need access to data that enables decisionmaking in their roles.
Students in deeper learning environments develop the positive mindsets necessary for academic success.

Dive Deeper

Comprehensive data that goes beyond test scores can be used to support individuals through their education and workforce journeys by targeting resources to the individuals that need them the most. When individuals, families, educators, communities, and policymakers have access to meaningful and useful data for their roles, they are able to make informed decisions that support learners from early education into the workforce.

The data that each person needs varies by role. For students, that can look like access to their assignment grades or information on higher education and career pathways, while teachers may want information on attendance and course participation.

What are the different types of education data?

Academic information includes any information outside of test scores that helps provide a full picture of student success and opportunity, such as growth, course information, enrollment, grades, completion, and graduation rates.

Testing and assessment data includes student performance on any tests or exams. This data can include information on student performance over time and come from annual exams, interim assessments, tests, and quizzes.

Educator data provides information on the characteristics of educators including experience, certifications, and demographics.

Demographic data provides information on characteristics and experiences of students, including age, race/ethnicity, gender, family economic status, English learner status, and disability status.

Actions include information on actions taken by both students and families, such as attendance data, program participation rates, and participation in extracurricular activities.

Climate and culture data helps paint a picture of the current climate and culture within a district or at a particular school, including discipline data and the results of student and educator climate and culture surveys.

Fiscal data shows how schools and districts are being funded, what is being funded, and how that funding is distributed across schools. This data includes information on per-pupil expenditures, and federal and state funding.

Postsecondary and workforce data provides information on the P–20W continuum and how well students are prepared for life transitions into postsecondary education and the workforce, including postsecondary completion rates, tuition and student loan information, and workforce outcomes data.

Individual-specific data is data that shows how individuals are performing, including teacher observations and learning app usage.

Related Resources

These resources provide additional information on how different people use education data to help individuals succeed.

Education Data 101 brings policymakers up to speed on the major topics they need to know about data.

Education Data in the News

Our Work

We envision a world where data is used to drive systemic change, economic mobility, and student success.

About Us

We advocate to change the role of data to ensure that data works for everyone navigating their education and workforce journeys.